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Health in All Policies

Richmond Adopts a Health in All Policies (HiAP) Strategy and Ordinance !

The City of Richmond continues its leadership in working towards health equity exemplified by the recent adoption of a Health in All Polices (HiAP) strategy and ordinance by the Richmond City Council. The HiAP strategy sets a framework of collaboration within city departments as well as with community based organizations and other government agencies to address community health, equity and sustainability in Richmond. Through this lens, Health in All Policies is both a practice and destination.


For Immediate Release April 18, 2014:
HiAP Strategy and Ordinance Adoption Full Press Release
HiAP Strategy Document 
HiAP Ordinance

Attachement 1 HiAP Strategy 2-25-14_Page_01.jpg

Bike Fiesta dancing_thumb.jpg   Health in All Policies or “healthy public policy” is based on the idea that health starts with where people live, work, learn, and play and that individual and community health is influenced by more than just individual choices. One’s physical and psychosocial environment, culture, government, etc. all play a role in influencing and determining both individual and population health. Health in All Policies (HiAP) is the integrated and comprehensive approach to bring health, well-being, and equity considerations into the development and implementation of policies, programs, and services of traditionally non-health related government systems or agencies.

 HiAP is premised on the following:
  1. Health starts long before illness and before you reach a hospital or doctor’s office
  2. Health starts in our families, in our schools and workplaces, in our communities
  3. Your neighborhood, school or job should not be hazardous to your health
  4. All Richmond residents should have the opportunity to make the choices that allow them to live a long, healthy life, regardless of their job, neighborhood of residence, level of education, immigration status, sexual orientation, or ethnic background
  5. City government can and does influence health in many of its decisions and Departments

For presentations and other background materials on Richmond's HiAP initiative please click here or see below: 

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The HiAP concept recognizes that the causes of health disparities and the resulting health inequities are the consequence of a variety of social factors that include income inequality, economic forces, education quality, environmental conditions, individual health behavior choice, and access to health care. Health disparities are not fair, nor are they inevitable.

This concept acknowledges that all city departments impact health, even those we do not traditionally consider as conducting health-related work. Richmond’s
Health in All Policies Strategy is being developed as a collaborative approach with the goal of improving health equity by addressing the social determinants of health and integrating health into the decision making process across all departments of the City.

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Adapted from NACCHO.

Cumulative Stress

A driving theory behind the HiAP Strategy is that the cumulative impact on the body of multiple stressors is a key driver that explains the persistence of poor health outcomes disproportionately afflicting people of color in Richmond. Thus, Richmond’s HiAP St
rategy may take a multidimensional and integrated approach to reducing the cumulative stressors that occur from an early age and throughout life in the most vulnerable Richmond neighborhoods. By focusing on cumulative stressors, we hope to reduce the occurrence of many chronic illnesses and premature mortality for Richmond residents who are currently experiencing health disparities.
                     Cumulative Stressors.jpg

Source: Professor Jason Corburn, University of California, Berkeley

HiAP Resources

Richmond Health Equity Partnership (RHEP): HiAP Subcommittee Resources
All resources related to the RHEP HiAP Subcommittee and community engagement resources can be found at the Richmond Health Equity Partnership Resource page.
Framework of Change.png 
HiAP in other Counties, States and Countries 
California HiAP: California Health in All Policies Task Force California Health in All Policies Task Force Publications 
Executive Order S-04-10 
Strategic Growth Council HiAP Recommendations 
Multnomah County, Oregon: Health Equity Initiative Multnomah Health Equity Initiative, Full Report 2009
Multnomah County Health Department Strategic Plan FY 2010-2014
Multnomah Health Homes Policy Toolkit

King County, Washington: Equity and Justice
King County Timeline and Process 
King County Equity and Social Justice Ordinance 16984

HiAP in other Countries: Finland: HiAP Governance Tools and Framework
South Australia: Strategic Plan 2007

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